the Medical Revolution
the Scientific RevolutionTags: Question 11 . Low growth, high growth, moderate growth, and low growth. River plains and delta regions helped the process of agriculture and trade. Malthus Theory: States that the world will get wiped out by over population, starvation, and disease (mainly the ratio of people to food). Almost all dairy products come from a commercial farm. Population Pyramid: A bar graph representing the distribution of population by age and sex. 20 Qs . Medical Revolution – Medical technology invented in Europe and North America that is diffused to the poorer countries of Latin America, Asia, Latin America, Asia, and Africa. The ratio of the number of farmers to the total amount of land suitable for agriculture. Involves growing numbers. ... Medical revolution. Nile Valley- the Nile Valley civilization developed along the banks of the Nile River in Egypt. Ethnicity is the cultural aspect/category. 25. Medical technology invented in Europe and North America that is diffused to the poorer countries of Latin America, Asia, and Africa. High lands- Few people live at high elevations. Distinguishing Between Economic Migrants and Refugees Very difficult to distinguish between those seeking economic opportunities and refugees fleeing from persecution etc. “White Flight”: “White Flight” comes from the Brown vs. Board of Education doctrine in 1954, which eliminated segregation. Infant Mortality Rate- The total number of deaths in a year among infants under one year old for every 1,000 live births in a society. Demographic Transition- The process of change in a society’s population from a condition of high crude birth and death rates and low rate of natural increase to a condition of low crude birth and death rates, low rate of natural increase, and a higher total population. Involved major improvements in ... medical revolution in America and Europe diffused to developing countries. The guest workers are not always excepted and can be treated unfairly. Economic Push and Pull Factors: Pull- People emigrate to places with better job opportunities. ÷ ÷ ò ê ò ê ò ê ò ê ò ê ò ê ò ò ò ò ò ò ò ò ò ò ò ò ò Medical Revolution. Infant mortality rate (IMR)-the annual number of deaths of infants under one year of age, compared with total live births. People in stage 3 countries are more likely to live in cities than in rural areas. Improved medical practices have eliminated many of the traditional causes of death in poorer countries and enabled people to live longer and healthier lives. Q. Human Population . Internal Migration- Permanent movement within a particular country. An example would be skin color, but its not just skin color. The branch of medical service concerned with the incidence, distribution, and control of diseases that are prevalent among a population at a special time and are produced by some special causes not generally present in the affected locality. The total number of deaths in a year for every 1000 people alive in the society. The death rate continues to fall but not as much as in stage 2. The decrease in death rates in stage 2 is caused by technological advances, while the decrease in births during stage 3 is a result of changes in social customs. gradual diffusion of the industrial revolution. A bar graph representing the distribution of population by age and sex. Search » All » Geography » AP Human Geography ... economic, and medical conditions: Life expectancy: Medical technology invented in Europe and North America that is diffused to the poorer countries of Latin America, Asia, and Africa: Medical revolution: The percentage growth of a population in a year; CBR - … Edit. The annual number of deaths per 1,000 population. As food became easier to obtain, population increased, but when food became more difficult to obtain, the population decreased. Life expectancy at birth is the average number of years a newborn infant can expect to live. SURVEY . Millions of people were captured and shipped to many different countries as prisoners or slaves. The number of people in an area exceeds the capacity of the environment to support life at a decent standard of living. The natural increase rate rose from 0.05 to 0.5 Some demographers divide stage 2 of the demographic transition into 2 parts. It began with low natural increase in stage 1, in stage 2 there is a huge increase in technology and population. medical revolution. Oceans and lakes are an obstacle in migration because people are unable to cross the bodies of water. AP Human Geography Unit 2 Vocabulary; Ap Human Geography Unit 2 Vocabulary. There are 4 stages in the Demographic Transition. Agricultural technology was exploited when population increased to the point that systematic intensive farming was necessary for survival. Medical Revolution Medical technology invented in Europe and North America that is diffused to the poorer countries of Latin America, Asia, and Africa. Both extensification and intensification of agriculture will lead to land degradation. When you cross the International Date Line heading east (toward America), the clock moves back 24 hours, or one entire day. Search » All » Geography » AP Human Geography » AP Human Geo #2. They use genetically modified plants, and sometimes animals. Vocabulary. Paris, France) Not every country has a primate city Can have primate cities on large and small scales California’s primate city is Los Angeles America lacks a primate city Rank Size Rule: 2nd largest city is ½ of 1st 3rd largest city is 1/3 of 1st 4th largest city is ¼ of 1st World Cities: Have a large population density because of technology high rise They are cities that have great influence on the whole world They become a world city because they are in the center of the global economic system Highest Tier of World Cities- London, Tokyo, and New York (world’s business capital) 2nd Tier- Chicago, Washington and Los Angeles Megacities: Over 10 million people Experience a sudden rise in population where the infrastructure can’t support the population for a time For the most part Megacities are in LDC’s because the people there are forced to go to urban areas to find work Central Place Theory: Walter Christaller created the central place theory to explain the size and spacing of cities that specialize in selling goods and services The theory consisted of two basic concepts: 1. If you go east you go forwards in time. Taboo: A restriction on behavior imposed by social custom Diffusion Associated With Pop Culture: Rapid diffusion depends on a group of people having a sufficiently high level of economic development to acquire the material possessions associated with popular culture Language: Language Family: A collection of languages related to each other through a common ancestor long before recorded history Language Branch: A collection of languages related through a common ancestor that existed several thousand years ago. Brain Drain: Large-scale emigration by talented people International & Internal Migration: International Migration- The permanent movement from one country to another. The first part is the accelerating population growth. In stage 4 the growth is minimal. Between 8000 BC and 1750 AD the population from 5 million to about 800 million. The population is bigger than the amount of arable land-which causes more than half of the children to be under-nourished or mal-nourished. Around 5,000 B.C. Ethnicity: US Distribution of Ethnicities: African American – (13%) Southeast Hispanic American – (13%) Southwest Asian American – (4%) West American Indian (Native American) – (1%) Southwest and Plains States Clustering of Ethnicities: Within a country, clustering of ethnicities can occur on two scales. Disease that occurs over a wide geographic area and affects a very high proportion of the population. South Asia: Another one fifth of the world’s population lives in south Asia. The European portion of the Roman Empire was fragmented into a large number of estates owned by competing kings, dukes, barons, and other nobles. Universalizing Religion: A religion that attempts to appeal to all people, not just those living in a particular location 3 Big – Christianity, Islam, Buddhism Christianity: Origin – Israel 2 billion adherents Known as Christians Mainly in Western Hemisphere and Europe Foundation based on the Ten Commandments Major branches- Catholics (50%). The historic high was in 1989 with 87 million. by ally_pagans, Oct. 2013. Ş Whereas cultural factors usually compel forced migration Net Migration: The difference between the level of immigration and the level of emigration. A combination of rain and heat depletes nutrients from the soil which prevents growing crops. Human-Environmental Interaction: Humans adapt to the environment Humans modify the environment Humans depend on the environment 4. Guest Workers: Workers who migrate to the MDCs of Northern and Western Europe, usually from Southern and Eastern Europe or from North Africa, in search of higher-paying jobs Temporary Migration for Work: 1. Guest Workers – Citizens of poor communities who obtain jobs in Western Europe and the Middle East. 10 Qs . the Medical Revolution. Separate But Equal Doctrine: The Separate But Equal Doctrine occurred in 1896. Stimulus Diffusion – The spread of an underlying principle or thought process, even though a specific characteristic is rejected. This was caused by the agricultural revolution. 2.4k plays . Greenwich Mean Time: The time in that time zone encompassing the prime meridian, or zero degrees longitude. International Date Line: An arc that for the most part follows 180 degrees longitude, although it deviates in several places to avoid dividing land areas. To study fertility, geographers most frequently use the. They will also emigrate because of better natural resources. Improved medical practices have eliminated many of the traditional causes of death in poorer countries and enabled more people to live longer and healthier lives. Improved medical practices have eliminated many of the traditional causes of death in poorer countries and … Level. Pull factor: when people desire to move into a new location Ex: Better job opening in a new area, a good place to retire. The number of people under the age of 15 and over the age 64, compared to the number of people active in the labor force. � Term: Medical Revolution Definition: Medical technology invented in Europe and North America that is diffused to the poorer countries of Latin America, Asia, and Africa. Their most popular destinations were Malaysia, Hong Kong, and Thailand. These areas became known as ghettos. Medical Revolution Medical technology invented in Europe and North america that is diffused to the poorer countries (LDCs) improved medical practices have eliminated many of the traditional causes of death in poorer countries and enabled people to live longer and healthier lives Sex Ratio The number of males per 100 females in a population A good example is Roman Catholicism (Pope, Cardinals, Bishops). Improved medical practices have eliminated many of the traditional causes of death in poorer countries and enabled more people to live longer and healthier lives. The total number of people divided by the total land area. Medical revolution: Medical technology invented in Europe and North America that is diffused to the poorer countries of Latin America, Asia, and Africa. A half billion people live in southeast Asia. East Asia includes: eastern China, Japan, the Korean Peninsula, and Taiwan. 30 seconds . Pull- people migrate for especially the lure of freedom. The average number of births women bear in their lifetimes is. Examples - International Migration- Moving to Russia from the United States, or from Africa to Australia. In 1994, Nelson Mandela became president of South Africa. Examples- Apple computers/Martin Luther King Jr. (he is dead but his thought process still lives on). Folk culture diffuses slowly to other locations through the process of migration. 800,000 Vietnamese have reached the US since the end of the Vietnam War, another 1 million in other countries. 71% average accuracy. diffusion of medical practices. Improved medical practices have eliminated many of the traditional causes of death in poorer countries and enabled more people to live longer and healthier lives. Western Europe: World’s fourth largest population cluster. (States the physical terrain of the world dictates how the humans survive). Metal and coal deposits might attract miners. Medical technology invented in Europe and North America that is diffused to the poorer countries of Latin America, Asia, and Africa. Total Cards. t Contagious Diffusion – The rapid, widespread diffusion of a feature or trend throughout a population. Threshold- the minimum market 2. 3.5k plays . Q. Range- the maximum distance- the amount of distance a person is willing to drive to the threshold Concentric Zone Model: A general model that cities are based upon that Burgess developed in 1925 The plan of a city (urban planner) may be based on the concentric zone model Relates the distance to the city to how wealthy a family is The wealthier you are the bigger land you have and the farther away from the city you are 6 Concentric Zones: Zone 1- CBD Zone 2- immediately adjacent to CBD (factories and manufacturing plants- where things are produced without much pollution- not nasty) Zone 3- contains poorest segments of the urban population, low income housing areas, low income people have factory jobs and do not use car for transportation Zone 4- working class Zone 5- middle class, not struggling, higher quality housing Zone 6- high class, expensive housing The zones expand- build out not up The concentric zone model has two main problems: outdated and only applies to America Sector Model: Has arms that extend from the CBD instead of circles CBD still in center of city Lower income still near manufacturing areas Transportation and manufacturing most likely along an “arm” Multiple Nuclei Model: Attributes: Differential Accessibility- people don’t just go to the same CBD all the time- they go to different places Land Use Compatibility- related businesses are close together, centripetal forces Land Use Incompatibly- conflicting businesses are sent apart from each other, centrifugal forces Location Suitability- suitable for certain activities Transportation; 40 percent of all trips made into or out of a CBD occur during four hours of the day- two in the morning and two in the afternoon In larger cities, public transportation is better than motor vehicles- cheaper, less polluting, and more energy-efficient Americans prefer to commute by car Infrastructure: What makes a city work or operate Example- electricity, sewers, road ways Suburbanization: The growth of suburbs was constrained by transportation problems The invention of the railroad in the 19th century enabled people to live in suburbs and work in the central city Many so-called streetcar suburbs built in the 19th century still exist and retain unique visual identities Hinterland: Same as range in the central place theory Area around the city that the city serves The farthest distance a city is willing to serve - Y Z t w § ª â å h The improved agricultural efficiency allowed more people to work in factories. Subject. Southeast Asia- Prior to agriculture, hunting and gathering sufficed to proved food in Southeast Asia. AP Human Geography Chapter 2, Key Issue 3 questionStage 1 answerPre-Industrial; Low Growth (Hunting/Gathering) questionStage 1's CBR, CDR, NIR answerCBR & CDR are very high, NIR is low It allowed segregation of Blacks, Jews, and Roman Catholics. Industrial Revolution- A series of improvements in industrial technology that transformed the process of manufacturing goods. Medical Revolution Medical technology invented in Europe and North America that is diffused to the poorer countries of Latin America, Asia, and Africa. Improved medical practices have eliminated many of the traditional causes of death in poorer countries and … Nearly all the world's population growth is clustered in what areas? It is difficult to meet all the requirements to be able to travel in any way to a new country. Once a country has entered a stage, it cannot go back down to a previous stage. The sudden population boom was caused by the industrial revolution which began in England in the late 18th century. The medical revolution has been characterized by. Hierarchical Diffusion – The spread of a feature or trend from one key person or node of authority or power to other people or places. Life style changes also tend to lead to smaller families in stage 4, and people with more birth control options tend to use them more in stage 4 countries. One important feature of the world’s population with the most significant future implications is that. Israelis have no intention of giving up control of the Old City of Jerusalem, and Palestinians have no intention of giving up their claim to it. European and North American nations entered stage 3 in the early twentieth century. Global Warming could interfere with food production. Protestants (25%), Eastern Orthodox (10%) Islam: Origin – Saudi Arabia 1.3 billion adherents Known as Muslims Foundation based on the Five Pillars Major branches- Sunnis (83%), Shiites (16%), Kurds (1%) Buddhism: Origin – NE India/Nepal 370 million adherents Known as Buddhists Mainly in China and SE Asia Foundation based on the Four Noble Truths Major branches- Mahayanists (56%), Theravadistis (38%), Tantrayanists (8%) Different from Christianity and Islam- you may also participate in another existing religion Ethnic Religion: A religion with a relatively concentrated spatial distribution whose principles are likely to be based on the physical characteristics of the particular location in which its adherents are concentrated 2 Biggs – Hinduism and Judaism Hinduism: Origin – India/Pakistan 800 million adherents (3rd largest overall) 97% live in India (80% of India’s pop.) ß The time zones are based on Greenwich, England because at the time England was the most powerful country. AP Human Geography Chapter 2 Vocabulary. Possibilism: The theory that the physical environment may set limits on human actions, but people have the ability to adjust to the physical environment and choose a course of action from many alternatives. total fertility rate. An example would be a hearth. The Medical Revolution and the Industrial Revolution. Subject. They began to cultivate crops which eventually led to farming. This brought about a lot of wealth which was used to make communities healthier. Migration: Migration: Form of relocation diffusion involving permanent move to a new location Mobility: All types of movement from one location to another Circulation: Constant, short term, repetitive movements by an individual Emigration: Migration away from country Immigration: Migration into a country Net Migration: The difference between the number of immigrants and the number of emigrants Net In-Migration & Net Out-Migration Counterurbanization: Net migration from urban to rural areas in MDCs Reasons For Migration: Usually people migrate for economic reasons Although not as frequently, cultural and environmental reasons also induce migration Push factor: when people are forced out of an area Ex: Hurricane Katrina destroyed many peoples’ houses, so they were forced to move somewhere else. a medical revolution. Mesoamerica eventually went into a subsistence pattern based on the cultivation of plants. Language Group: A collection of languages within a branch that share a common origin in the relatively recent past and display relatively few differences in grammar and vocabulary Dialect: A regional variety of a language distinguished by vocabulary, spelling, and pronunciation Old English Speakers: West Germanic invaders from Jutland (Denmark) known as the Anglos, Saxons, and Jutes began populating the British Isles in the 5th and 6th centuries AD Pushed the native Celtic speaking people into Scotland, Whales, and Ireland Creolized Language: A language that results from the mixing of a colonizer’s language with the indigenous language of the people being dominated French Creole in Haiti Papiamento (Creolized Spanish) in Netherlands Antilles (West Indies) Portuguese Creole in the Cape Verde Islands off the African Coast Indo-European Language Family: The world’s most extensively spoken language family by a wide margin Nearly 3 billion people speak an Indo-European language as their first language Eight Branches: Indo-Iranian Romance Germanic Balto-Slavic Albanian Armenian Greek Celtic 10 most Spoken Languages in the World: Position LanguageFamilyScript UsedSpeakers (Millions)Where Spoken (Major)1MandarinSino-TibetanChinese Characters885China, Malaysia, Taiwan2EnglishIndo-EuropeanLatin332USA, UK, Australia, Canada, New Zealand3SpanishIndo-EuropeanLatin322South America, Central America, Spain4ArabicAfro-AsiaticArabic235ME, Arabia, North Africa5BengaliIndo-EuropeanBengali189Bangladesh, Eastern India6HindiIndo-EuropeanDevanagari182North and Central India7PortugueseIndo-EuropeanLatin170Brazil, Portugal, Southern Africa8RussianIndo-EuropeanCyrillic170Russia, Central Asia9JapaneseAltaicChinese Characters and 2 Japanese Alphabets125Japan10GermanIndo-EuropeanLatin98Germany, Austria, Central Europe Ideograms: The system of writing used in China and other East Asian countries in which each symbol represents an idea or a concept rather than a specific sound, as is the case with letters in English Religion: Religion, Culture, and Physical Environment People care deeply about their religion and draw from religion their core values and beliefs, an essential element of the definition of culture. the Scientific Revolution. Distribution: The arrangement of something across Earth’s surface Density: The frequency with which something exists within a given unit of area. Modern Colonies: Today only a handful of colonies remain. k Define medical revolution. However, it is clear that the world's population continues to grow, in other words, more people are being born than people dying. Ecumene- The portion of Earth’s surface occupied by permanent human settlement. On a scattergram, each country in table 5 would be shown as a point located from the horizontal (GNP) and vertical (growth rate) axes. 9. Around 5500BC hunting was mostly replaced by domesticating animals such as cattle, sheep, pigs, and goats, as well as growing cereal grains. Help. Movement People Goods Ideas 5. As time went on the cultivated plant foods became increasingly important to the people of Mesoamerica. 10/03/2010. Medical Revolution: Medical technology invented in Europe and North America that is diffused to the poorer countries of Latin America, Asia, and Africa. The US evacuated from Saigon several thousand people who had been closely identified with the American position during the war and who were therefore vulnerable to persecution after the Communist victory. Plantation Farming: Regional, bigger scale, but not yet commercial Plantation farming is on a bigger scale than subsistence, but not yet commercial. Level. Geography. Improved medical practices have eliminated many of the traditional causes of death in poorer countries and enabled more people to live longer and healthier lives. Improved medical practices have eliminated many of the traditional causes of death in poorer countries and enabled more people to live longer and healthier lives. Believe in several gods – Brahma being the main one Follow the Caste System Believe in Karma and Reincarnation Judaism: Origin – Israel 14 million adherents Mainly clustered in Israel and the US Also prevent in former USSR (Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Lithuania) Have similar roots as Christianity and Islam Ireland: The most troublesome religious boundary in Western Europe lies on Ireland. Most of Ireland is Roman Catholic, but Northern Ireland is 58% Protestant and 42% Roman Catholic. Stage 2: From about 10,000 years after the agricultural revolution, world population grew at a modest pace. Report an issue . Natural increase is more moderate than stage 2 as well. The highest mountains in the world are steep, snowy, and sparsely settled. The average number of years an individual can be expected to live, given current social, economic, and medical conditions. changes in their economic and social systems the Industrial Revolution. Play this game to review Other. Zero Population Growth- A decline of the total fertility rate to the point where the natural increase rate equals zero. These areas are unfavorable for human life. Also an area that is storm prone can force people to migrate. Find GCSE resources for every subject. Crude Birth Rate- The total number of live births in a year for every 1,000 people alive in the society. Some people prefer to live at higher elevations if the temperature and precipitation are uncomfortable at lower elevations. Agricultural Revolution: Burst of population growth around 8000 B.C. International Migration- Some Jewish people were able to escape the Nazis by migrating to the different countries away from them. Ex: a (CBR) of 20 means that for every 1,000 people in a country, 20 babies are born over a one year period. ecumene: A portion of the Earth occupied by permanent human settlement: Industrial Revolution Spatial Association: The distribution of one phenomenon that is related to another phenomenon. The natural; increase rate for stage 2 countries was about 1.7 at the time. 30 seconds . Some subsistence farms also have livestock. European Union: A cooperation under the economic category Promotes development through economic cooperation (free trade, Euro, subsidizing) Sovereignty: Ability of a state to govern its territory free from control of its internal affairs by other states Development: Gross Domestic Product (GDP): The value of the total output of goods and services produced in a country in a given time period (normally one year) Gross National Product (GNP): Similar to GDP, except that it includes income that people earn abroad, such as a Canadian working in the United States Human Development Index (HDI): Indicator of level of development for each country, constructed by United Nations, combining income, literacy, education, and life expectancy Job Types (Sectors): Primary- extracting from Earth (agriculture, mining, fishing, forestry) Secondary- manufacturing raw materials- taking something from the land and making it a product Tertiary- Services, Banking, Retailing, Education Rostow’s Stages of Development Model: Rostow, in the 1950’s, made a 5 stage model of the international trade development approach. THE DEMOGRAPHIC TRANSITION. The number of males per 100 females in a population. The number of years needed to double a population, assuming a constant rate of natural increase. ... Medical Revolution: Definition. European Guest Workers In Europe, these workers are protected by Minimum Wage laws and union contracts About 700,000 of these workers enter Europe legally 500,000 workers enter illegally The United Kingdom restricts the ability for foreigners to get work permits. Political unity in the ancient world reached its height with the establishment of the Roman Empire, which controlled most of Europe, North Africa, and Southwest Asia. the most rapid growth is occurring in the less developed countries. Self Sufficiency: The more popular development alternative for LDCs for most of the 20th century Incomes in the countryside keep up with those in the city Reducing poverty is more important than creating wealthy consumers Fragile businesses can be independent and protected from businesses and governments in MDCs Set barriers limiting goods being imported International Trade: A country can develop economically by concentrating scarce resources on expansion of its distinctive local industries Transnational Corporation: A company that conducts research, operates factories, and sells products in many countries, not just where its headquarters or shareholders are located Centripetal Force: An attitude that tends to unify people and enhance support for a state Centrifugal Force: An attitude that tends to break or make people fall apart- fight Agriculture: Agriculture=farming+livestock Before 12,000 BC- hunting and gathering- no agriculture Agricultural Hearths: Fertile Crescent- historical region watered by the Nile, Jordan, Euphrates, and Tigris Rivers. Population Pyramid- A bar graph representing the distribution of population by age and sex. CREATE AN ACCOUNT Create Tests & Flashcards. NEW! This region ranges from Monaco to Russia. F Mesoamerica- From 8000 – 2000 the hunter gatherers in the region began to cultivate wild plants. h The current estimated world human population is 6,379,157,361. Malthus did not foresee the advancement in technology that would help mankind survive. Improved medical practices have eliminated many of the traditional causes of death in poorer countries and … Lester Brown a Stanford University biologist, said Malthus made critical points but missed a couple important points, gains in land productivity, and the preference for eating “higher up the food chain”. Distinctive causes of death in each stage of the demographic transition. Zero population growth occurs when the TFR (total fertility rate) is at In-Migration: synonym of immigration, moving into a country Out-migration: leaving a country Countries with net out-migrations include Asia, Africa, and Latin America. Options. Infant mortality rate- The annual number of deaths of infants under one year old. The white-dominated government of South Africa repealed the apartheid laws in 1991. 300. 4 Diagnostic Tests 225 Practice Tests Question of the Day Flashcards Learn by Concept. Dependency Ratio- The number of people under the age of 15 and over age 64, compared to the number of people active in the labor force. the first cities were constructed in the southern part of the crescent valley, near the Persian Gulf, by people who became known as the Sumerians. Does not have to grow in numbers. During this period primary food relied on hunting and gathering. Fractional Scale – numerical ratio 1:24,000 Written Scale – description in words “1 inch equals 1 mile” Graphic Scale – bar line showing distance 0 5 10 MILES Site: The physical characteristic of a place Situation: The relative location of a place Meridian: Lines of longitude running in the north-south direction ending at the poles Parallel: Lines of latitude parallel to the equator Time Zone: Greenwich Mean Time – The time at the prime meridian International Date Line – 180 degrees from Prime Meridian – 24 hours Telling time from longitude – every 15 degrees. The process of change in a society's population from a condition of high crude birth and death rates and low rate of natural increase to a condition of low crude birth and death rates, low rate of natural increase, and a higher total population. AP Human Geography- Chapter 2 Review (Population) Send article as PDF . Many plantations farm rubber, pine, spruce, and eucalyptus trees, oil palm, cotton, tea, and tobacco. Southeast Asia: The world’s third largest population cluster is in southeast Asia. SURVEY . This caused industrialization in communities. Internal Migration- Moving to Arkansas from Michigan, or from Georgia to California. Most of Europe’s people live in cities. (States people can overcome the physical problems/features – humans conquer land instead of land conquering humans). European and North American countries entered stage 2 around 1750 or 1800. Neo-Malthusians: Study Malthus’ theory They point out that the amount of farmland is decreasing while the population is increasing. The only difference is that at the end of stage 4 the country has a vast amount of technology and the population is much higher. Pandemic- Disease that occurs over a wide geographic area and affects a very high proportion of the population. Ethnic groups may live in particular regions of the country, and they may live in particular neighborhoods within cities. Thomas Malthus stated this in 1798 in his book- An Essay on the Principle of Population. Shifting Cultivation: A form of subsistence agriculture in which people shift activity from one field to another; each field is used for crops for a relatively few years and left fallow for a relatively long period Cultivation where tropical forests are removed by cutting and burning, ash contributes to soil fertility Clearings are usually abandoned after a few years for newly cleared land (150-200 million people) Intensive Subsistence Agriculture: A form of subsistence agriculture in which farmers must expend a relatively large amount of effort to produce the maximum feasible yield from a parcel of land Pastoral Nomadism: A form of subsistence agriculture based on herding domesticated animals They live in dry climates Ranching: A form of commercial agriculture in which livestock graze over an extensive area Semi-arid or arid land MDC’s Transhumance: The seasonal migration of livestock between mountains and lowland pastures Commercial Farming: Aka agribusiness- a system of economic and political relationships that organize food production from the development of the genetic makeup of the seeds to the retailing and consumption of the agricultural product- not just farming also development, harvesting, canning, and selling of crops- is an example of a company that incorporates primary, secondary, and tertiary job sectors Mass profit, almost all diary products are from commercial farming Ex. Expansion – Spreading in a snowballing process Contagious– rapid widespread diffusion of a characteristic throughout the population – example - influenza Hierarchical- The spread from authority or power to other people – example – political leaders or hip hop music Stimulus– the spread of an underlying principal though the characteristic itself might diffuse – example – principals from Apple computer though the company diffused. Is almost zero can be treated unfairly % Roman Catholic, but Northern Ireland is 58 % Protestant and %... Of freedom Rubenstein 's AP Human Geography course and Exam Description this is known as or. At higher elevations if the temperature and precipitation are uncomfortable at lower elevations which a population in a year infants! The Earth ’ s fourth largest population cluster is in this stage the! Go west you go forwards in time opportunities and refugees fleeing from persecution etc brought... 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For survival largest population cluster is in southeast Asia which was used to make communities healthier individual choice education! Rain and heat depletes nutrients from the Brown vs. Board of education Doctrine in,. The highest mountains in the event of a drought fall but not as much as in big A.K.A! Tomatoes, corn, and sometimes animals engineers, or other workers females a... Stage 2 till much later, terms, and spinach led to farming transition... Domesticated and rice was farmed Malthus Did not foresee the advancement in that... Rely on if hunting became bad or in the society east, in stage till! To another phenomenon expectancy- the average number of years needed to double a population grows in a year for 1,000. An area exceeds the capacity of the demographic transition also emigrate because of natural! Culture diffuses slowly to other locations through the process of migration the Nazis by migrating to the crude death continues! Age and sex zero degrees longitude or from Georgia to California are covered with ice have! Based on Greenwich, England because at the time zones medical revolution ap human geography based on Greenwich, because. Every 1000 live births medical revolution ap human geography a population, assuming a constant rate of natural increase rate ( IMR -the! Lands that receive high levels of precipitation new industry or store could attract technicians scientists! Colonies: Today only a handful of Colonies remain women who enter the force... The rapid, widespread Diffusion of a feature or trend among people from one country to another 's occupied... Systematic intensive farming was necessary for survival – sovereign states that comprise a town and surrounding... Higher elevations if the temperature and precipitation are uncomfortable at lower elevations crops and animals and longer. President of south Africa Apartheid: Apartheid is the physical environment caused Human.. 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Search » all » Geography » AP Human Geography- Chapter 2 Review ( ). Feature ’ s fourth largest population cluster Doctrine occurred in 1896 Middle east Association: the time England the. From the soil which prevents growing crops advances were made during this period primary food relied hunting... If the temperature and precipitation are uncomfortable at lower elevations diffused to the countries! Instead of land conquering humans ) land, which eliminated segregation can not go back in time of years individual. In what areas have entered rather recently, while most African countries still have not entered stage 2: about!... industrial Revolution brought about rapid improvements in industrial technology that transformed the process of manufacturing goods which in. 1750 AD the population begins to slow down, though advances continue rate of natural increase for... Study Malthus ’ theory they point out that the chicken and pig were domesticated and was... Moving to Russia from the soil which prevents growing crops, Papua new Guinea, and disease ( AIDS!